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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

People attend college or university for many different reasons (for example,
new experiences, career preparation, increased knowledge). Why do you
think people attend college or university? use specific reasons and examples
to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the best
teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Nowadays. food has become easier to prepare. Has this change improved the
way people live? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

It has been said, “Not everything that is learned is contained in books.” Com-
pare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained
from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why? use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

A company has announced that it wishes Do build a large factory near your
community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence
on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your
position.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

If you could change one important thing about your hometown, what would
you change? Use reasons and specific examples no support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

How do movies or television influence people’s behavior? use reasons and
specific examples no support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television has
destroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons
and examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people prefer to live in a small town. others prefer to live in a big city.
which place would you prefer to live in? Use specific reasons and details to
support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

“When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do
with success.” Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific
reasons and examples to explain your position.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? universities should
give the same amount of money to their students’ sports activities as they
give to their university libraries. Use specific reasons and examples to support
your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Why do you think people visit museums? Use specific reasons and examples to support
your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer
to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons
and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people believe that university students should be required to attend
classes. others believe that going to classes should be optional for students.
which point of view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to
explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and examples in your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

It has recently been announced that a new restaurant may be built in your
neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people think that they can learn better by themselves than with a
teacher. Others think that it is always better to have a teacher. Which do you
prefer? Use specific reasons to develop your essay.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)? Use specific
details and examples to explain why these qualities are important.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways,
or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

It is better for children to grow up in the countryside than in a big city. Do
you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to develop your
essay.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes of this phenomenon. Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

We all work or will work in our jobs with many different kinds of people. In
your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a coworker (some
one you work closely with)? Use reasons and specific examples to explain why
these characteristics are important.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students. Do you
think this is a good idea? Support your opinion by using specific reasons and
details.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

A person you know is planning to move to your town or city. What do you
think this person would like and dislike about living in your town or city?
why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

It has recently been announced that a large shopping center may be built in
your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific
reasons and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

It has recently been announced that a new movie theater may be built in your
neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should some
times do things that they do not enjoy doing. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television, newspapers. magazines. and other media pay too much attention to the personal lives of famous people such as public figures and celebrities. Use specific reasons and details to explain your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human
activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to
live. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your
answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

It has recently been announced that a new high school may be built in your
community. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons
and details in your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people spend their entire lives in one place. others move a number of
times throughout their lives, looking for a better job, house. community. or
even climate. Which do you prefer: staying in one place or moving in search
of another place?

Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt
Is it better to enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to save your
money for some time in the future? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

You have received a gift of money. The money is enough to buy either a piece
of jewelry you like or tickets to a concert you want to attend. which would
you buy? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt
Businesses should hire employees for their entire lives.

Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Attending a live performance (for example, a play, concert, or sporting event) is more enjoyable than watching the same event on television. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Choose one of the following transportation vehicles and explain why you
think it has changed people’s lives.

9 automobiles

0 bicycles

I airplanes

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree that progress is always good? Use specific reasons
and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Learning about the past has no value for those of us living in the present Do
you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your
answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? With the help of technology, students nowadays can learn more information and learn it more quickly. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

The expression “Never. never give up” means to keep trying and never stop
working for your goals. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people think that human needs for farmland, housing, and industry are
more important than saving land for endangered animals. Do you agree or
disagree with this point of view? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and
examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

What is a very important skill a person should learn in order to be successful
in the world today? Choose one skill and use specific reasons and examples to
support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous sports or other
dangerous activities? Use specific reasons and examples to support your
answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people like to travel with a companion. Other people prefer to travel
alone. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support
your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people prefer to get up early in the morning and start the day’s work.
Others prefer to get up later in the day and work until late at night. Which do
you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

What are the important qualities of a good son or daughter? Have these qualities changed or remained the same over time in your culture?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people prefer to work for a large company. Others prefer to work for a
small company. Which would you prefer?

Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

People work because they need money to live. What are some other reasons that people work?
Discuss one or more of these reasons. Use specific examples and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Face—to—face communication is better than other types of communication, such as letters, email, or telephone calls.

Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people like to do only what they already do well. Other people prefer to
try new things and take risks. Which do you prefer?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people believe that success in life comes from taking risks or changes.
Others believe that success results from careful planning. In your opinion,
what does success come from? Use specific reasons and examples to support
your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

What change would make your hometown more appealing to people your
age? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important
aspect of a job is the money a person earns. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One should never
judge a person by external appearances. Use specific reasons and details to
support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person should never
make an important decision alone. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

A company is going to give some money either to support the arts or to protect the environment.
Which do you think the company should choose? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some movies are serious, designed to make the audience think. Other movies
are designed mainly to amuse and entertain. Which type of movie do you
prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Businesses should do
anything they can to make a profit.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your position.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people are always in a hurry to go places and get things done. Other
people prefer to take their time and live life at a slower pace. Which do you
prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Games are as important for adults as they are for children.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents or other adult
relatives should make important decisions for their older (15— to 18—year—old)
teenage children. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

What do you want most in a friend — someone who is intelligent, someone
who has a sense of humor, or someone who is reliable? Which one of these
characteristics is most important to you? Use reasons and specific examples
to explain your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Most experiences in
our lives that seemed difficult at the time become valuable lessons for the
future. Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people prefer to work for themselves or own a business. Others prefer
to work for an employer. Would you rather be self-employed, work for some
one else, or own a business? Use specific reasons to explain your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and
replace them with modem buildings? Use specific reasons and examples to
support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

If you were an employer, which kind of worker would you prefer to hire: an
inexperienced worker at a lower salary or an experienced worker at a higher
salary? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Classmates are a more
important influence than parents on a child’s success in school. Use specific
reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Many teachers assign homework to students every day. Do you think that
daily homework is necessary for students? Use specific reasons and details to
support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

If you could study a subject that you have never had the opportunity to study, what would you choose? Explain your choice, using specific reasons and details.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people think that the automobile has improved modern life. Others
think that the automobile has caused serious problems.
What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Which would you choose: a high-paying job with long hours that would give
you little time with family and friends or a lower-paying job with shorter
hours that would give you more time with family and friends? Explain your
choice. Use specific reasons and details.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Grades (marks)
encourage students to learn. Use specific reasons and examples to support
your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people say that computers have made life easier and more convenient.
Other people say that computers have made life more complex and stressful.

What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your
answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way to travel
is in a group led by a tour guide. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some universities require students to take classes in many subjects. Other
universities require students to specialize in one subject. Which is better? Use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should begin
learning a foreign language as soon as they start school. Use specific reasons
and examples to support your position.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Boys and girls should
attend separate schools. Use specific reasons and examples to support your
answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Is it more important to be able to work with a group of people on a team or
to work independently? Use reasons and specific examples to support your
answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Your city has decided to build a statue or monument to honor a famous
person in your country. Whom would you choose? Use reasons and specific
examples to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Describe a custom from your country that you would like people from other
countries to adopt. Explain your choice, using specific reasons and examples.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Technology has made
the world a better place to live. Use specific reasons and examples to support
your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Advertising can tell
you a lot about a country. Use specific reasons and examples to support your
answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Modem technology is
creating a single world culture. Use specific reasons and examples to support
your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people say that the Internet provides people with a lot of valuable information. Others think access to so much information creates problems. Which view do you agree with?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

If you could go back to some time and place in the past, when and where
would you go? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

A foreign visitor has only one day to spend in your country. Where should
this visitor go on that day? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support
your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

What discovery in the last 100 years has been most beneficial for people in
your country? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Telephones and email
have made communication between people less personal. Use specific reasons
and examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

If you could travel back in time to meet a famous person from history, what
person would you like to meet? Use specific reasons and examples to support
your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

If you could meet a famous entertainer or athlete, who would that be, and
why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

If you could ask a famous person one question, what would you ask? why?
Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people prefer to live in places that have the same weather or eliminate all
year long. Others like to live in areas where the weather changes several times
a year. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support
your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Many students have to live with roommates while going to school or university. What are some of the important qualities of a good roommate? Use specific reasons and examples to explain why these qualities are important.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Dancing plays an
important role in a culture. Use specific reasons and examples to support
your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people think governments should spend as much money as possible
exploring outer space (for example. traveling to the moon and to other planets). Other people disagree and think governments should spend this money
on our basic needs on Earth. Which of these two opinions do you agree with?
Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

People have different ways of escaping the stress and difficulties of modem
life. Some read; some exercise; others work in their gardens. What do you
think are the best ways of reducing stress? Use specific details and examples
in your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should be
paid according to how much their students learn. Give specific reasons and
examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

If you were asked to send one thing representing your country to an international exhibition, what would you choose? Why? Use specific reasons and
details to explain your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

You have been told that dormitory rooms at your university must be shared
by two students. Would you rather have the university assign a student to
share a room with you, or would you rather choose your own roommate? Use
specific reasons and details to explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people think that governments should spend as much money as possible on developing or buying computer technology. Other people disagree and think that this money should he spent on more basic needs. Which one of these opinions do you agree with?

Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people like doing work by hand. others prefer using machines. Which
do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Schools should ask students to evaluate their teachers. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

In your opinion, what is the most important characteristic (for example. honesty, intelligence. a sense of humor) that a person can have to be successful in
life? Use specific reasons and examples from your experience to explain your
answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

It is generally agreed that society benefits from the work of its members.
Compare the contributions of artists to society with the contributions of scientists to society.

Which type of contributions do you think is valued more by your society? Give specific reasons to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Students at universities often have a choice of places to live. They may choose
to live in university dormitories. or they may choose to live in apartments in
the community. Compare the advantages of living in university housing with
the advantages of living in an apartment in the community. Where would you
prefer to Live? Give reasons for your preference.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

You need to travel from your home to a place 40 miles (64 kilometers) away.
Compare the different kinds of transportation you could use. Tell which
method of travel you would choose. Give specific reasons for your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people believe that a college or university education should be available
to all students. Others believe that higher education should be available only
to good students. Discuss these views. Which view do you agree with? Explain
why.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people believe that the best way of learning about life is by listening
to the advice of family and friends. Other people believe that the best way of
learning about Life is through personal experience. Compare the advantages
of these two different ways of learning about life.
Which do you think is preferable? Use specific examples to support your preference.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

When people move to another country, some of them decide to follow the
customs of the new country. Others prefer to keep their own customs. Com—
pare these two choices. Which one do you prefer? Support your answer with
specific details.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people prefer to spend most of their time alone. Others like to be with
friends most of the time. Do you prefer to spend your time alone or with
friends? Use specific reasons to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people prefer to spend time with one or two close friends. Others
choose to spend time with a large number of friends. Compare the advantages of each choice. which of these two ways of spending time do you prefer? Use specific reasons to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people think that children should begin their formal education at a
very early age and should spend most of their time on school studies. Others
believe that young children should spend most of their time playing. Compare
these two views. which View do you agree with? Why?

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

The government has announced that it plans to build a new university. Some
people think that your community would be a good place to locate the university.
Compare the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a new university in your community. Use specific details in your discussion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people think that the family is the most important influence on young
adults. Other people think that friends are the most important influence on
young adults. Which view do you agree with? Use examples to support your
position.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people prefer to plan activities for their free time very carefully. Others
choose not to make any plans at all for their free time. compare the benefits
of planning free-time activities with the benefits of not making plans. Which
do you prefer—planning or not planning for your leisure time? Use specific
reasons and example: Explain your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

People learn in different ways. Some people learn by doing things; other
people learn by reading about things; others learn by listening to people talk
about things. Which of these methods of learning is best for you? Use specific
examples to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people choose friends who are different from themselves. Others choose
friends who are similar to themselves. Compare the advantages of having
friends who are different from you with the advantages of having friends who
are similar to you. Which kind of friend do you prefer for yourself? Why?

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people enjoy change, and they look forward to new experiences. Others like their lives to stay the same, and they do not change their usual habits.
Compare these two approaches to life. Which approach do you prefer?
Explain why.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People behave differently when they wear different clothes.
Do you agree that different clothes influence the way people behave?
Use specific examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Decisions can be made quickly. Or they can he made after careful thought. Do
you agree or disagree with the following statement?

The decisions that people make quickly are always wrong.

Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people trust their first impressions about a person’s character because
they believe these judgments are generally correct. Other people do not judge
a person’s character quickly because they believe first impressions are often
wrong. Compare these two attitudes. Which attitude do you agree with? Support your choice with specific examples.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

People are never satisfied with what they have; they always want something more or something different.

Use specific reasons to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

People should read only those books that are about real events, real people, and established facts.
Use specific reasons and details to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

It is more important for students to study history and literature than it is for them to study science
and mathematics.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All students should be
required to study art and music in secondary school. Use specific reasons to
support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? There is nothing that
young people can teach older people. Use specific reasons and examples to
support your position.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Reading fiction (such
as novels and short stories) is more enjoyable than watching movies. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people say that physical exercise should be a required part of every
school day. Other people believe that students should spend the whole school
day on academic studies. Which opinion do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

A university plans to develop a new research center in your country. Some
people want a center for business research. other people want a center for
research in agriculture (farming). Which of these two kinds of research
centers do you recommend for your country? Use specific reasons in your
recommendation.


Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some young children spend a great amount of their time participating in
spans. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Use specific reasons
and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Only people who earn
a lot of money are successful. Use specific reasons and examples to support
your answer.


Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

If you could invent something new, what product would you develop? Use
specific details to explain why this invention is needed.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person’s childhood
years (the time from birth to 12 years of age) are the most important years of
a person’s life. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? children should be
required to help with household tasks as soon as they are able to do so. use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some high schools require all students to wear school uniforms. Other high
schools permit students to decide what to wear to school. Which of these two
school policies do you think is better? Use specific reasons and examples to
support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing a game is
fun only when you win. Use specific reasons and examples to support your
answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? High schools should
allow students to study the courses that students want to study. Use specific
reasons and examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better to be a
member of a group than to be the leader of a group. Use specific reasons and
examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

What do you consider to be the most important room in a house? Why is this
room more important to you than any other room? Use specific reasons and
examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some items (such as clothes or furniture) can be made by hand or by machine.
Which do you prefer—items made by hand or items made by machine? Use
reasons and specific examples to explain your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

If you could make one important change in a school that you attended, what
change would you make? Use reasons and specific examples to support your
answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

A gift (such as a camera, a soccer ball, or an animal) can contribute to a
child’s development. What gift would you give to help a child develop? Why?
Use reasons and specific examples to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people believe that students should be given one long vacation each
year. Others believe that students should have several short vacations
throughout the year. Which viewpoint do you agree with?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Would you prefer to live in a traditional house or in a modern apartment
building? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people say that advertising encourages us to buy things we really do
not need. Others say that advertisements tell us about new products that may
improve our lives. Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons
and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some people prefer to spend their free time outdoors. Other people prefer to
spend their leisure time indoors. Would you prefer to be outside, or would
you prefer to be inside for your leisure activities? Use specific reasons and
examples to explain your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Your school has received a gift of money. What do you think is the best way
for your school to spend this money? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.


Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing games teaches
us about life. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Imagine that you have received some land to use as you wish. How would you
use this land? Use specific details to explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Watching television is
bad for children. use specific details and examples to support your answer.


Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

What is the most important animal in your country? Why is the animal
important? Use reasons and specific details to explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such as
forests, animals, or clean water. Choose one resource that is disappearing
and explain why it needs to be saved.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A zoo has no useful
purpose. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

In some countries, people are no longer allowed to smoke in many public
places and office buildings. Do you think this is a good rule or a bad rule? Use
specific reasons and details to support your position.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Plants can provide food, shelter, clothing, or medicine. What is one kind of
plant that is important to you or the people in your country? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

You have the opportunity to visit a foreign country for two weeks. Which
country would you like to visit? Use specific reasons and details to explain
your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

In the future, students may have the choice of studying at home by using
technology such as computers or television or of studying at traditional
schools. Which would you prefer? Use reasons and specific details to explain
your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

When famous people such as actors, athletes, and rock stars give their opinions, many people listen. Do you think we should pay attention to these opinions? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

The 20th century saw great change. In your opinion. what is one change that
should be remembered about the 20th century? Use specific reasons and
details to explain your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

When people need to complain about a product or poor service. Some prefer
to complain in writing and others prefer to complain in person. Which way
do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

People remember special gifts or presents that they have received. Why? Use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some famous athletes and entertainers earn millions of dollars every year. Do
you think these people deserve such high salaries? Use specific reasons and
examples to support your opinion.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Is the ability to read and write more important today than in the past? Why
or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

People do many different things to stay healthy. What do you do for good
health? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

You have decided to give several hours of your time each month to improve
the community where you live. What is one thing you will do to improve your
community? Why? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

People recognize a difference between children and adults. What events
(experiences or ceremonies) make a person an adult? Use specific reasons
and examples to explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Your school has enough money to purchase either computers for students or
books for the library. Which should your school choose to buy computers or
books? Use specific reasons and examples to support your recommendation.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Many students choose to attend schools or universities outside their home
countries. Why do some students study abroad? Use specific reasons and
details to explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

People listen to music for different reasons and at different times. Why is
music important to many people? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Groups or organizations are an important part of some people’s lives. Why
are groups or organizations important to people? Use specific reasons and
examples to explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Imagine that you are preparing for a trip. You plan to be away from your
home for a year. In addition to clothing and personal care items. You can take
one additional thing. What would you take and why? Use specific reasons and
details to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

When students move to a new school, they sometimes face problems. How
can schools help these students with their problems? Use specific reasons and
examples to explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship. Do you agree? why or why not? Use reasons and specific
examples to explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Every generation of people is different in important ways. How is your generation different from your parents’ generation? Use specific reasons and
examples to explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some students like classes where teachers lecture (do all of the talking) in
class. Other students prefer classes where the students do some of the talking.
Which type of class do you prefer? Give specific reasons and details to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Holidays honor people or events. If you could create a new holiday, what per—
son or event would it honor and how would you want people to celebrate it?
Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

A friend of yours has received some money and plans to use all of it either to
go on vacation or to buy a car. Your friend has asked you for advice. Compare
your friend’s two choices and explain which one you think your friend should
choose. Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

The 21st century has begin. What changes do you think this new century will
bring? Use examples and details in your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

What are some of the qualities of a good parent? Use specific details and
examples to explain your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Movies are popular all over the world. Explain why movies are so popular.
Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

In your country, is there more need for land to be left in its natural condition
or is there more need for land to be developed for housing and industry? Use
specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Many people have a close relationship with their pets. These people treat
their birds, cats, or other animals like members of their family. In your opinion, are such relationships good? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and
examples to support your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Films can tell us a lot about the country in which they were made. What have
you learned about a country from watching its movies? Use specific examples
and details to support your response.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

Some students prefer to study alone. Others prefer to study with a group of
students. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support
your answer.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

You have enough money to purchase either a house or a business. Which
would you choose to buy? Give specific reasons to explain your choice.

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Official TOEFL IBT Prompt

  1. Read the following passage and the lecture which follows. In an actual test, you would
    have 3 minutes to read the passage. Then, answer the question. In the test, you would
    have 20 minutes to plan and write your response. Typically, an effective response will
    be 150 to 225 words. Test takers with disabilities may request additional time to read
    the passage and write the response.

READING PASSAGE

Critics say that current voting systems used in the United States are inefficient and often lead to the inaccurate counting of votes. Miscounts can be especially damaging if an election is closely contested. Those critics would like the traditional systems to be replaced with far more efficient and trustworthy computerized voting systems. In traditional voting, one major source of inaccuracy is that people accidentally vote for the wrong candidate. Voters usually have to find the name of their candidate on a large sheet of paper containing many names—the ballot—and make a small mark next to that name. People with poor eyesight can easily mark the wrong name. The computerized voting machines have an easy-to-use touch-screen technology: to cast a vote, a voter needs only to touch the candidate’s name on the screen to record a vote for that candidate; voters can even have the computer magnify the name for easier viewing. Another major problem with old voting systems is that they rely heavily on people to count the votes. Officials must often count up the votes one by one, going through every ballot and recording the vote. Since they have to deal with thousands of ballots, it is almost inevitable that they will make mistakes. If an error is detected, a long and expensive recount has to take place. In contrast, computerized systems remove the possibility of human error, since all the vote counting is done quickly and automatically by the computers. Finally some people say it is too risky to implement complicated voting technology nationwide. But without giving it a thought, governments and individuals alike trust other complex computer technology every day to be perfectly accurate in banking transactions as well as in the communication of highly sensitive information

LECTURE TRANSCRIPT (Narrator) Now listen to part of a lecture on the topic you just read about. (Female professor) While traditional voting systems have some problems, it’s doubtful that computerized voting will make the situation any better. Computerized voting may seem easy for people who are used to computers. But what about people who aren’t? People who can’t afford computers, people who don’t use them on a regular basis—these people will have trouble using computerized voting machines. These voters can easily cast the wrong vote or be discouraged from voting altogether because of fear of technology. Furthermore, it’s true that humans make mistakes when they count up ballots by hand. But are we sure that computers will do a better job? After all, computers are programmed by humans, so “human error” can show up in mistakes in their programs. And the errors caused by these defective programs may be far more serious. The worst a human official can do is miss a few ballots. But an error in a computer program can result in thousands of votes being miscounted or even permanently removed from the record. And in many voting systems, there is no physical record of the votes, so a computer recount in the case of a suspected error is impossible! As for our trust of computer technology for banking and communications, remember one thing: these systems are used daily and they are used heavily. They didn’t work flawlessly when they were first introduced. They had to be improved on and improved on until they got as reliable as they are today. But voting happens only once every two years nationally in the United States and not much more than twice a year in many local areas. This is hardly sufficient for us to develop confidence that computerized voting can be fully trusted.

Question: Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

2. Read the question below. In a real test, you would have 30 minutes to plan, write, and revise your essay. Test takers with disabilities may request a time extension. Typically, an effective response contains a minimum of 300 words.

Question: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A teacher’s ability to relate well with students is more important than excellent knowledge of the subject being taught. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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Barron’s TOEFL Prompt 1

Reading Passage

In his classic book The Interpretation of Dreams, published in 1900, Sigmund Freud identified wish fulfillment as the origin of many dreams. For example, a student who is concerned about taking an important exam may dream about the exam, or, more likely, some type of symbol for the exam will appear in a dream. Since thoughts must be translated into concrete images, dreams are expressed in pictures rather than in words. Freud advanced the notion of dream symbols, that is, images with deep symbolic meaning. In the case of the exam, it might be expressed as an obstacle or a hurdle in a race. In Freud’s view, dreams have much in common with daydreams. There is a wish that is forbidden or repressed in some way, and forces that oppose it. In the case of dreams while sleeping, they offer a compromise, that is, a way for the wish to be expressed safely.

According to Freud, dreams can be viewed as a way to reveal the unconscious. To that end, there are two levels to every dream, including the manifest content, which is obvious and direct, and the latent content, which is symbolic. To return to the example of the student’s dream, the manifest content would be the hurdle in the race, but the latent content would be the exam that is in the dreamer’s subconscious. Because some wishes and desires are too disturbing or too socially inappropriate to surface from the unconscious to the conscious mind, the symbols that are employed may make the wish difficult to expose. The student may actually want to cheat in order to succeed on the exam, but in a dream, borrowing a friend’s book may be a more acceptable way to express that desire. In a sense, the dream serves to protect the mind from a conflict in the unconscious.

Now listen to a lecture on the same topic as the passage you have just read.

As you will recall from the reading in your textbook, Freud’s psychodynamic theory is premised on the assumption that dreams arise from a troubled subconscious mind, and so they have deep meaning. But there are other points of view that you should be familiar with. Allan Hob- son and Robert McCarley propose a very different theory of dreams. They turn to biochemical research and physiology for answers. Using data from their study of sleep activity in cats, and by the way, they used cats because cats have brain waves and muscle movements during sleep that are very similar to those of humans. In any case, Hobson and McCarley determined that the kind of sleep associated with dreams is controlled from the brain stem and, further- more, that there are chemicals in the stem that regulate the firing of certain neurons. So they posit that during dream sleep, brain cells that control movement and balance are activated, but the messages don’t transfer to the body and, consequently, no movement is initiated. Still, the brain is trying to interpret the messages, so dreams occur.

But how does this explain what we dream about? I mean the content. Well, let’s take the exam- ple of a common dream. Let’s say, you are trying to escape from something. The brain receives a message to run, but the legs don’t respond. According to the activation-synthesis theory, the dream that results will probably include something about being chased and running away. In other words, you will play out the physical movement in a dream. But, according to the proponents of the activation-synthesis theory, there isn’t any hidden meaning in your dream. Your unfulfilled desires have nothing to do with it. For the neurophysiologists, a dream is just a chemical response to brain cells.

Essay Question
Summarize the main points in the lecture, contrasting them with the ideas in the reading passage.


TOEFL Independent Essay Prompt (Barron’s)

Some students apply for admission only to their first-choice school, while others apply to sev- eral schools. Which plan do you agree with, and why? Be sure to include details and examples to support your opinion.


TOEFL Independent Essay Prompt (Barron’s) 

Some students like to take distance-learning courses by computer. Other students prefer to study in traditional classroom settings with a teacher. Consider the advantages of both options, and make an argument for the way that students should organize their schedules.


TOEFL Independent Essay Prompt (Barron’s)

“An Important Leader”

Leaders like John F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King have made important contributions to the people of the United States. Name another world leader you think is important. Give specific reasons for your choice.


TOEFL Independent Essay Prompt (Barron’s)

Question

Read and think about the following statement:

Pets should be treated like family members.

do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give reasons to support your opinion.


TOEFL Independent Essay Prompt (Barron’s)

Question

Read and think about the following statement:

The college years are the best time in a person’s life.

Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give reasons to support your opinion.


TOEFL Independent Essay Prompt (Barron’s)

Independent Essay “Lifestyle”

Question

Many people believe that it is very important to make large amounts of money, while others are satisfied to earn a comfortable living. Analyze each viewpoint and take a stand. Give specific reasons for your position.


 

TOEFL Independent Essay Prompt (Barron’s)

Advances in transportation and communication like the airplane and the telephone have changed the way that nations interact with each other in a global society. Choose another technological innovation that you think is important. Give specific reasons for your choice.


TOEFL Independent Essay Prompt (Barron’s)

Many people have learned a foreign language in their own country; others have learned a for- eign language in the country in which it is spoken. Which is better? Give the advantages of each and support your viewpoint.


TOEFL Independent Essay Prompt (Barron’s)

You are planning to study abroad. What do you think you will like and dislike about this experi- ence? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.


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