All TOEFL Learners should first learn the Academic Word List.

Academic Word List

Sublist 1 of the Academic Word List.

This sublist contains the most frequent words of the Academic Word List in the Academic Corpus.  The most frequent members of the word families in Sublist 1 are listed below.

analysis

approach

area

assessment

assume

authority

available

benefit

concept

consistent

constitutional

context

contract

create

data

definition

derived

distribution

economic

environment

established

estimate

evidence

export

factors

financial

formula

function

identified

income

indicate

individual 

interpretation

involved

issues

labour

legal

legislation

major

method

occur

percent

period

policy

principle

procedure

process

required

research

response

role

section

sector

significant 

similar

source

specific

structure

theory

variables

 

 

Sublist 2 of Academic Word List

This sublist contains the second most frequent words in the Academic Word List from the Academic Corpus.  The most frequent members of the word families in Sublist 2 are listed below.

 

achieve

acquisition

administration 

affect

appropriate

aspects

assistance

categories

chapter

commission

community

complex

computer

conclusion

conduct

consequences

construction

consumer 

credit

cultural

design

distinction

elements

equation

evaluation

features

final

focus

impact

injury

institute

investment

items

journal

maintenance

normal

obtained

participation

perceived

positive

potential

previous

primary

purchase

range

region

regulations

relevant

resident

resources

restricted

security

sought

select

site

strategies

survey

text

traditional

transfer

 

 

Sublist 3 of Academic Word List.

This sublist contains the third most frequent words of the Academic Word List in the Academic Corpus.  The most frequent members of the word families in Sublist 3 are listed below.

 

alternative

circumstances

comments

compensation

components

consent

considerable

constant

constraints

contribution

convention

coordination

core

corporate

corresponding

criteria

deduction

demonstrate

document

dominant

emphasis

ensure

excluded

framework

funds

illustrated

immigration

implies

initial

instance

interaction

justification

layer

link

location

maximum       

minorities

negative

outcomes

partnership

philosophy

physical

proportion

published

reaction

registered

reliance

removed

scheme

sequence

sex

shift

specified

sufficient

task

technical

techniques

technology

validity

volume

 

 

Sublist 4 of Academic Word List

This sublist contains the fourth most frequent words of the Academic Word List in the Academic Corpus.  The most frequent members of the word families in Sublist 4 are listed below.

 

access

adequate

annual

apparent

approximated

attitudes

attributed

civil

code

commitment

communication

concentration

conference

contrast

cycle

debate

despite

dimensions

domestic

emerged

error

ethnic

goals

granted

hence

hypothesis

implementation

implications

imposed

integration

internal

investigation

job

label

mechanism

obvious

occupational 

option

output

overall

parallel

parameters

phase

predicted

principal

prior

professional

project

promote

regime

resolution

retained

series

statistics

status

stress

subsequent

sum

summary

undertaken

 

 

Sublist 5 of Academic Word List

This sublist contains the fifth most frequent words in the Academic Word List from the Academic Corpus.  The most frequent members of the word families in Sublist 5 are listed below.

 

academic

adjustment 

alter 

amendment

aware

capacity 

challenge

clause

compounds

conflict

consultation

contact

decline

discretion

draft

enable

energy

enforcement 

entities

equivalent

evolution 

expansion

exposure

external 

facilitate

fundamental

generated 

generation 

image

liberal

licence

logic

marginal

medical

mental

modified

monitoring 

network

notion

objective 

orientation

perspective

precise

prime

psychology 

pursue

ratio

rejected

revenue

stability

styles

substitution 

sustainable

symbolic

target

transition 

trend

version

welfare

whereas

 

 

Sublist 6 of Academic Word List – most frequent words in families

This sublist contains the sixth most frequent words in the Academic Word List from the Academic Corpus.  The most frequent members of the word families in Sublist 6 are listed below.

 

abstract

accurate

acknowledged

aggregate 

allocation

assigned

attached

author

bond

brief

capable

cited

cooperative 

discrimination 

display

diversity

domain

edition

enhanced

estate

exceed

expert

explicit

federal

fees

flexibility

furthermore

gender

ignored

incentive

incidence 

incorporated

index

inhibition

initiatives

input

instructions

intelligence

interval

lecture

migration

minimum

ministry

motivation

neutral

nevertheless  

overseas 

preceding

presumption

rational

recovery

revealed

scope

subsidiary

tapes

trace

transformation

transport 

underlying

utility

 

 

Sublist 7  of Academic Word List – most freq words in families

This sublist contains the seventh most frequent words in the Academic Word List from the Academic Corpus.  The most frequent members of the word families in Sublist 7 are listed below.

 

 

adaptation

adults

advocate

aid

channel

chemical

classical

comprehensive

comprise

confirmed

contrary

converted

couple

decades

definite

deny

differentiation 

disposal

dynamic

eliminate

empirical 

equipment

extract

file

finite

foundation 

global

grade

guarantee

hierarchical 

identical 

ideology

inferred

innovation

insert

intervention

isolated

media

mode

paradigm

phenomenon

priority

prohibited

publication 

quotation

release

reverse

simulation 

solely

somewhat

submitted

successive

survive

thesis

topic

transmission 

ultimately 

unique

visible

voluntary

 

 

Sublist 8 of Academic Word List – most freq words in families

This sublist contains the eigth most frequent words in the Academic Word List from the Academic Corpus.  The most frequent members of the word families in Sublist 8 are listed below.

 

 

abandon

accompanied

accumulation 

ambiguous

appendix

appreciation

arbitrary

automatically

bias

chart

clarity

conformity

commodity

complement

contemporary

contradiction

crucial

currency

denote

detected

deviation

displacement

dramatic

eventually

exhibit

exploitation

fluctuations

guidelines

highlighted

implicit

induced

inevitably

infrastructure

inspection

intensity

manipulation

minimised

nuclear

offset

paragraph

plus

practitioners

predominantly

prospect

radical

random

reinforced

restore

revision

schedule

tension

termination

theme

thereby

uniform

vehicle

via

virtually

widespread

visual

 

 

Sublist 9 of Academic Word List – most freq words in families

This sublist contains the ninth most frequent words in the Academic Word List from the Academic Corpus.  The most frequent members of the word families in Sublist 9 are listed below.

 

accommodation

analogous

anticipated

assurance

attained

behalf

bulk

ceases

coherence

coincide

commenced

incompatible

concurrent

confined

controversy

conversely

device

devoted

diminished

distorted/distortion – equal figures

duration

erosion

ethical

format

founded

inherent

insights

integral

intermediate

manual

mature

mediation

medium

military

minimal

mutual

norms

overlap

passive

portion

preliminary

protocol

qualitative

refine

relaxed

restraints

revolution

rigid

route

scenario

sphere

subordinate

supplementary

suspended

team

temporary

trigger

unified

violation

vision

 

 

Sublist 10 of the Academic Word List.

This sublist contains the least frequent words of the Academic Word List in the Academic Corpus.  The most frequent members of the word families in Sublist 10 are listed below.

 

adjacent

albeit

assembly

collapse

colleagues

compiled

conceived

convinced

depression

encountered

enormous

forthcoming

inclination

integrity

intrinsic

invoked

levy

likewise

nonetheless 

notwithstanding

odd

ongoing

panel

persistent

posed

reluctant

so‑called

straightforward

undergo

whereby